Quotations: distinction between q and quote

quotation direct speech
q said quote

Encoding of quotations, distinction between use of quote, q, and said, treatment of quotation marks

The TEI’s treatment of quoted material permits both a renditional and a semantic approach. For projects wishing to record the presence of quotation marks, but not interested in what they convey, the q element indicates simply that the encoded text was enclosed in quotation marks of some kind. However, the TEI also provides two other elements that give greater semantic specificity:

In some cases, both of these phenomena may intersect, and both said and quote may be needed, where a speaker quotes material from outside the text, as shown in Example 4.

In addition to these two elements, there is an element called quotation, which is used within the TEI header to describe how the presentation of quotations is handled in transcription. It should not be confused with either of the elements discussed here; since it is not valid within running prose, it does not cause confusion in practice, but if you are reading the index to the TEI Guidelines and see it listed, it may seem somewhat bizarre.


Example 1. Direct speech encoded with said:

<said rend="pre(&amp;ldquo;)post(&amp;rdquo;)">Bless me!</said> he said,
looking about him, <said rend="pre(&amp;ldquo;)post(&amp;rdquo;)">I never

Example 2. Quoted material encoded with quote:

<p>If we reflect whether <quote rend="slant(italic)">to be, or not to
be</quote>, we are surely lost.</p> 

Example 3. Quotations whose status is uncertain should still be encoded with quote:

<p>I then spoke to him plainly, saying <said rend="pre(&amp;ldquo;)
post(&amp;rdquo;)">If I were in your shoes, I would not <quote
rend="pre(&amp;lsquo;) post(&amp;rsquo;)">taunt the chicken</quote>
with such vainglory.</said></p>

We encode this with quote even though we have no idea where the phrase “taunt the chicken” comes from. (Note that this usage would need to be carefully distinguished from gloss or term, which would be appropriate if it seemed that the phrase in question was a technical term rather than a quotation.)

Example 4. quote nested inside said

<p>He shouted suddenly <said><quote>To be, or not to