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Women Writers: Intertextual Networks

Terminology

Contributor
A person (or organization) whose efforts shaped the work.
Contributors are usually authors and translators. Publishers and printers are not considered to be contributors.
Gender
A modern categorization of a person based on perceived social-biological identity.
For example, we have categorized Aphra Behn as a person of “female” gender. However, this is a modern guess at Behn’s perceived gender identity. The concepts of “sex” and “gender” are deeply personal, and they shift over time. As such, one should treat our categorization of historical individuals with a grain of salt.
Topic, or genre
A categorization of a work based on its apparent contents.
Inscription
Writing carved onto an object or building.
Agriculture
Works about farming.
Anthropology
Works on the study of human cultures.
Architecture
Works about constructing buildings.
Art criticism
Commentaries and studies of artistic works.
Autobiography
Accounts of the authors’ lives.
Biography
Accounts of the lives of notable persons.
Botany
Works on the study of plants.
Childcare
Works about childcare.
Children’s literature
Works intended for a young audience.
Chorography
Written descriptions of regions.
Classical
Works of classical antiquity, usually Greek or Latin.
Classical music
Comedy
Humorous dramatic works.
Compendium
Collections of selected works.
Conduct manual
Works intended to instruct on social mores.
Cookbook
Collections of recipes.
Current affairs
Works participating in the discourse of their times.
Diary
Records of daily life.
Drama
Plays and theater productions.
Economics
Works on money and accounting.
Education
Works on the subject of education.
Essay
Works which construct and present arguments.
Ethics
Works about moral philosophy.
Ethnography
Works which make claims about people of different cultural groups.
Fictional
Fictional works.
Folk song
Songs handed down in oral tradition.
Folktale
Stories handed down in oral tradition.
Gardening
Works about gardening.
Gender commentary
Works which make claims about people of a gender.
Gender-addressed
Works intended to be read by people of a gender identity.
Geography
Works on the subject of geography.
Geology
Works on the study of rocks and minerals.
History
Works which trace events and changes over time.
Humor
Light-hearted works and levities.
Hymn
Songs of devotion and praise, usually religious.
Instructional
Works intended to educate on a subject.
Laws and works about legal systems.
Letter
Correspondence.
Linguistics
Works on the study of languages.
Literary criticism
Commentaries and studies of literature.
Literary periodical
Masque
Dramatic works intended for a courtly audience.
Mathematics
Works on the subject of mathematics.
Medicine
Works on the subject of medicine.
Miscellany
Collections of various works.
Moral instruction
Works intended to teach morality.
Natural philosophy
Works on the study of nature.
Novel
Book-length works of fiction.
Occult
Works about the supernatural.
Opera
Musical dramas.
Other fiction
Uncategorized fiction.
Other nonfiction
Uncategorized nonfiction.
Petition
Formal requests to authorities.
Philosophy
Poetry
Political writing
Prefatory piece
Introductions, dedications, and other material appearing before a main work.
Psychology
Works on the study of the human mind.
Reference
Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other works intended for consultation.
Sacred text
Works of religious importance.
Scientific writing
Slavery
Works about slavery.
Song
Speech
Theology
Works on the subject of religion.
Tragedy
Dramatic works with a focus on human suffering.
Travel writing
Uncategorized periodical
Uncategorized periodicals.
Unknown
No other tag is appropriate, likely because we don’t have enough information for classification.
Visual art
Warfare
Works on the subject of warfare.
Zoology
Works on the study of animals.
Identifier, or ID
A string of text which refers specifically to a single entity. Identifiers are used in links and pointers.
For example, the bibliography entry for Much Ado about Nothing has the identifier “IT00691”.
Intertextual gesture, or gesture
A reference to, or marked engagement with, another work.
Types of intertextual gestures:
Adaptation
A quote, intentionally modified from the referenced work.
Encoded in WWO as a quote type="adaptation".
A notice of a published work. Advertisements are usually placed by printers and publishers, not the WWO authors.
Encoded in WWO as a title or bibl within advertisement.
Citation
A prose description of the referenced work.
Encoded in WWO as a bibl.
Parody
A quote which has been modified for ironic effect.
Encoded in WWO as a quote type="parody".
Remix
A combination of extracts, rearranged and adapted from the referenced work.
Encoded in WWO as a quote type="remix".
Quote
A faithful extract from the referenced work.
Encoded in WWO as a quote.
Title
A name of the work.
Proper titles are encoded as a title in WWO. Other names of works are marked with rs type="title" instead. When written alongside chapter and verse information, books of the Bible are usually not marked by title but are instead contained inside WWP custom element regMe.
Referenced work
A work which has been utilized in an intertextual gesture within a source text.
Publication date
The year when the work was released.
When possible, the publication date reflects the earliest edition of the work.
Publication location
The place where the work was printed and sold.
Publisher
The funder, seller, and/or distributor of a work.
Related entry
A bibliography entry which is distinct from a different entry, but which shares a common origin.
Usually used to link notable variations on a work.
Source text, or source
The work in which an intertextual gesture appears. All source texts have been published in Women Writers Online.
Work
A human creation. While many are books, works may also be songs, art pieces, serial publications, inscriptions, etc.
WWO author, or textbase author
A contributor, usually female, who substantially shaped the source text.