The type attribute of stage

entrance exit stage direction drama
stage entrance setting business exit novelistic delivery modifier location

Categorization of stage directions using the type attribute, with a list of permissible values

The TEI provides the type attribute of stage as a way to indicate what kind of information the stage direction conveys. Such information could be useful both in providing a basis for analysis and comparison (for instance, a study of shifts in the role of stage directions over time, or a comparison of different playwrights’ use of stage directions), and in allowing for different treatment of different types of directions. The TEI provides a set of suggested values for this type attribute, which we reproduce here with some additional glossing to suggest their range of application. These values are not built into the default TEI DTD, but they are built into the extended DTD that accompanies this Guide. In the P5 version of the TEI Guidelines, these suggested values are declared in the TEI schema, but you may also use additional values of your own. Whether you use these values or create your own, you should make sure that the value set is declared explicitly in your schema and documentation, rather than leaving it uncontrolled.

In general, it is easier to encode a stage direction with a single stage element than to divide it up into multiple stage elements. However, this means that for plays with complex stage directions you may find yourself describing them all as mixed because they include more than one kind of information. If you do want to provide for any kind of meaningful analysis as described above, it would be better to encode each distinct component (setting, entrance, business, delivery, etc.) as a separate stage element with its own type attribute.

The suggested values are as follows: